The value of national agricultural production grew 30.4% in 2020, compared to the previous year, and reached R$ 470.5 billion, a record in the historical series. The planted area in the country totaled 83.4 million hectares, 2.7% higher than in 2019. The data released on Wednesday (22) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) are from the Municipal Agricultural Production (PAM) .
PAM investigates the main agricultural products in all Brazilian municipalities since 1974. The value of agricultural production, the planted area and also the production of cereals, legumes and oilseeds, which totaled 255.4 million tons, were records in the historical series, 5, 0% higher than in 2019.
The supervisor of Municipal Agricultural Production, Winicius Wagner said that, despite the economic effects of Covid-19, in 2020 the agricultural sector stood out for its positive performance in the national economy, reaching the value of national agricultural production of R$ 470.5 billion.
“This result had its origin in two main distinct factors. The first was the historic record in grain production, which includes the group of cereals, pulses and oilseeds. The main highlights in 2020 were the cultivation of soy, corn, coffee and cotton, all of which set production records in the historical series”, said the supervisor.
“The second factor was the rise in the prices of agricultural products. Important agricultural crops such as rice and beans benefited from the increase in prices during the year and also registered a high increase in production value”, added Winicius Wagner.
Crops with higher production
Soybean was one of the crops that most contributed to the record harvest in 2020, with growth of 6.5% compared to the previous year. The country's soybean production, world leader since 2019, was 121.8 million tons, generating R$ 169.1 billion. This value is 35.0% higher than the 2019 soybean crop.
Corn was also highlighted, with the production value surpassing that of sugarcane for the first time since 2008. With a growth of 2.8% compared to 2019, corn reached 104.0 million tons, generating R$ 73.949 billion, 55.4% more than in 2019. The production value of sugarcane was R$ 60.8 billion.
In 2020, the production of herbaceous cotton hit a new record with 7.1 million tons, an increase of 2.6%. Brazil continues as the fourth largest producer of fiber in the world and the second largest exporter, only behind the United States. Driven by high prices, the value of production rose 19.6% and reached R$19.1 billion.
With an increase of 54.4% in the value of production, which reached R$ 27.3 billion, the coffee harvest had a strong recovery compared to 2019. Leader in the world ranking, Brazilian coffee production grew 22.9% and totaled 3.7 million tons in 2020.
A total of R$ 106.9 billion was the value generated by the 50 municipalities with the highest agricultural production values. This represents 22.7% of the total value of agricultural production in the country.
Mato Grosso concentrates twenty of the 50 municipalities with the highest agricultural production values. The other states with the largest number of municipalities are Bahia and Mato Grosso do Sul, both with six.
With soybean as the main product planted, the municipality of Sorriso (MT) maintained its leadership, with R$5.3 billion, or 1.1% of the national value. Next are São Desidério (BA), also with an emphasis on soybeans, with R$ 4.6 billion, and Sapezal (MT) with R$ 4.3 billion, mainly planting herbaceous cotton.
Mato Grosso was the largest producer of cereals, legumes and oilseeds in the country, followed by Paraná, Goiás and Rio Grande do Sul.
In 2020, there was an increase of 3.5% in the area cultivated with soy, 3.2% in corn and 14.9% in wheat. The sugarcane cultivated area decreased by 0.9%.
Agriculture and Livestock