It is expected that the new exam model will be implemented in 2024
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Published on 11/27/2022 - 3:41 PM By Mariana Tokarnia - Reporter at Agência Brasil - Rio de Janeiro
The National High School Examination (Enem) will undergo changes in the coming years. The exam will have to be adapted to the new high school, which reformed the curriculum for this stage of education. The forecast is that the new model will be applied from 2024. Agência Brasil spoke with specialists about the future of the largest higher education entrance exam in the country.
“We have such a big change coming up and the school needs to know beyond a shadow of a doubt exactly what is going to be required of its students. This is very urgent”, says emeritus professor at the Federal University of Minas Gerais Chico Soares. “This is an issue that has to be dealt with right at the beginning of the new management. There are different solutions, but we do not have a solution that is accepted by all the actors in this debate”.
Soares is a former president of the National Institute of Educational Studies and Research Anísio Teixeira (Inep) and is also a former member of the National Council of Education (CNE), where he was one of the rapporteurs of the so-called National Common Curricular Base (BNCC), a document that defines the minimum that should be taught in schools at all stages of education.
In March of this year, the Ministry of Education (MEC) released the main changes that should occur in the Enem from 2024. The exam will now have a first test focused on knowledge provided in the BNCC and writing and a second, focused on training that students will receive in high school.
The alterations are foreseen in a CNE opinion and were also discussed with several actors, such as the National Council of Secretaries of Education (Consed), which brings together the state secretaries of Education, responsible for the public schools where most of the students of education are enrolled. medium.
For Soares, this is an opportunity for the country to review what is or is not necessary for learning in schools. “Enem guides high school. If the Enem goes well, our student will study and learn things that are more relevant to his life”, he says.
new high school
The new high school began to be applied this year across the country. In the new school curricula, part of the classes will be common to all students in the country and directed by the BNCC.
In the other part of the training, the students themselves will be able to choose an itinerary to deepen their learning. The options allow emphasis in areas of languages, mathematics, natural sciences, human sciences and technical education. The offer of itineraries will depend on the capacity of education networks and Brazilian schools.
On the first day of the Enem test, the idea is that the questions are interdisciplinary, that is, they address more than one area of ??knowledge, and the main focus is on Portuguese and mathematics. The English test will also be integrated into the other areas. The second stage of the exam will focus on the specific training that students will receive in high school. According to the MEC, at the time of registration, candidates will be able to choose between answering questions about language, applied human and social sciences; mathematics, natural sciences and their technologies; mathematics, applied human and social sciences; or natural sciences, humanities and applied social sciences.
For this to become a reality, according to sociologist and retired professor at the State University of Campinas (Unicamp) Maria Helena Guimarães de Castro, some measures by Inep are necessary and urgent, such as the disclosure of matrices that will guide the preparation of future tests. Maria Helena was executive secretary of the MEC and president of the CNE. She was the rapporteur of the opinion that proposes the necessary changes for the new Enem.
“It is very important to publicize the matrices [of the new Enem] that will follow a different conception of the test”, she says. “For the second stage of the test, Inep will need to make a publication, with a notice, to assemble the items by areas that will be evaluated. For this, you will also need the matrices, ”she adds. The Enem tests follow a series of stages until they are ready. The organization for the next exam begins in the year before the application. Enem's restructuring will require even more planning.
According to the opinion of the CNE, it is possible that Enem will have essay questions. Currently, the Enem is composed only of objective questions. The only subjective part is the writing. This should be included in the matrices prepared by Inep.
Other measures identified as necessary by Maria Helena are the creation and strengthening of the new Enem governance council. “As it exists in most countries, with state secretariats, public and private schools, under the coordination of Inep.