Published agricultural zoning of soybeans for harvest 2021/2022 Planting is more intense in the months of October and November
Ordinances No. 110 to 125 were published in the Official Gazette of the Federal Government on Wednesday (12) with the Climate Risk Agricultural Zoning (Zarc), crop year 2021/2022, for the cultivation of soybeans. The Federation Units contemplated were the Federal District, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Bahia, Maranhão, Piauí, Acre, Pará, Rondônia, Tocantins, Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina.
Soy is best adapted to air temperatures between 20ºC and 30ºC. The ideal temperature for growth and development is around 30ºC. The range of soil temperature suitable for sowing varies from 20ºC to 30ºC, with 25ºC being the ideal temperature for a quick and uniform emergence.
The zoning has the objective of reducing the risks related to climatic problems and allows the producer to identify the best time to plant, taking into account the region of the country, the culture and the different types of soils.
The agrometeorological model considers elements that directly influence the development of agricultural production such as temperature, rainfall, relative humidity, occurrence of frosts, water available in the soil, water demand for crops and geographic elements (altitude, latitude and longitude).
In addition, in the zoning of soy, the phytosanitary risk caused by Asian soybean rust is also considered, as Zarc takes into account the recommendations of research institutions and state agencies on management measures that include the period of sanitary emptiness and the timing of planting.
Farmers who follow Zarc's recommendations are less subject to climate risks and may still benefit from the Agricultural Activity Guarantee Program (Proagro) and the Rural Insurance Premium (PSR) Subsidy Program. Many financial agents only release rural credit for crops in zoned areas.
Application Planting Right
Farmers and other agribusiness agents can access Zarc's official information through tablets and smartphones in a more practical way, facilitating guidance on the Federal Government's agricultural policy programs.
The Zarc Plantio Certo mobile app, developed by the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa) Informática Agropecuária (Campinas / SP), is available in the app stores: iOS and Android.
The results of Zarc can also be consulted and downloaded through the “Risk Indication Panel” platform.
With information from the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply